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Moon Phase Calculator

New & Full Moons by Year

Need to know when the New and Full Moons are to plan the dates of your observing sessions? This Moon Phase Calculator will compute the New & Full Moons for a given year. Type in a year or use the buttons change the year:

Valid Years: -4712 to +3500 Enter 0 for 1 BCE, -1 for 2 BCE…
Time Display: Local UTC TDT Restrict Output to Exact Year Only

Also see our Equinox & Solstice Calculator

TIME ACCURACY: The calculated times are in Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TDT or TT), a replacement for Ephemeris Times (ET). High precision algorithms are not used, and actual times may be off by several minutes, or more as you move many hundreds of years from the current date. This tool is intended as an observing planning aid, to help you know when the moon will be dark, and extreme precision is not our goal. Note also that the day-of-week will not be correct when the date is in the Julian calendar (earlier than 1582-Oct-15).

CIVIL TIME: TDT is a uniform time used for astronomical calculations. Civil time, such as UTC (popularly known as GMT, but technically incorrect) or your local time, is corrected for the non-linear changes in the rotation of the earth. This is done accurately only through observations. This web page corrects the the calculated TDT to civil time using a table of observations from 1620 thru 2002. Time corrections outside this range are estimated from predictive equations. Be aware that for times hundreds of years in the past or future, the difference between TDT and UTC can be many hours. See Meeus' book for additional details.

LOCAL TIME: Local time zone conversion is done by the JavaScript built-in runtime functions from the corrected UTC (including daylight or summer time rules), based on information it gets from your computer's environment settings. If the local time is in the wrong time zone for you, you need to check and adjust these settings on your computer, there is nothing in this web page or the code behind it to change this. On Windows machines, right click on the clock in the task bar and select "Adjust Date/Time", and then click the "Time Zone" tab.

CREDITS: The code for the Moon phase computation appeared in Astronomical Computing, Sky & Telescope, March, 1985, while the code for Julian Day to Calendar Dates appeared in the same column in May 1984. In both cases, the Basic code by Roger W. Sinnott was based on algorithms by Jean Meeus in Astronomical Formulae for Calculators (Willmann-Bell, 1982). The Basic source code was obtained from the Sky Publishing Web Site and converted to JavaScript for this web page. The TDT to UTC corrections are from a subsequent book by Meeus: Astronomical Algorithms, Second Edition (Willmann-Bell, 1998).

CAUTION: While the output has been spot checked for correctness against current U.S. Naval Observatory tables (always within 2 minutes), and exactly produces the test data given in the March 1985 Sky & Telescope article, the code has not been thoroughly tested and could contain errors. The underlying algorithms are not exact and actual moon phases could vary by many minutes. Consult the above sources for detailed information.